It’s important to understand the differences between different types of diabetes, a disease that has reached epidemic proportions and affects over 400 million people worldwide.
Type 1 diabetes
It can be referrred to as juvenile diabetes, because the onset usually happens very early in life. It’s an autoimmune disease, with the immune system that attack the Beta cells in the pancreas where the insulin hormone is produced. Without insulin, the sugars accumulate in the blood (hyperglycemia) and since they can’t be used as a source of energy they are excreted in the urine.
Type 2 diabetes
It’s the most common form of diabetes, and even if in the past it was often called adult-onset diabetes, now there is an alarmingly increasing number of children developing this disease. In a patient with Type 2 diebetes, the pancreas is still able to produce insulin, but the body becomes desensitized to its effects.
Although Type 1 and Type 2 are very different forms of diabetes, maintaining a good blood sugar control can hugely reduce the risk of complications and can put the disease into remission, or at least decrease insulin dependence.